Stop Quoting 2 Chronicles 7:14 for the USA

June 25, 2016 — 11 Comments

I hear it quoted by many American Christians, especially during election seasons: 2 Chronicles 7:14.

If my people who are called by my name humble themselves, and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven and will forgive their sin and heal their land.

Attached to this verse are pleas for different groups to change their wicked ways. Sometimes it’s applied to American Christians, American politicians, American politicians who are Christians, or just America in general. Take your pick. It doesn’t matter. They’re all mistaken.

I know this may upset some well-meaning believers who have cited this verse time and again when things look morally bleak across the land they love. It’s all the more confusing when, say on social media, fellow Christians respond with a hearty “Amen,” retweet your post, or click the Like button in a spirit of solidarity. But it still doesn’t remove the fact the biblical text is being misapplied. To be direct, 2 Chron. 7:14 has nothing explicitly to do with the United States. Nothing.

How so? When in doubt, always look at a Scripture’s context. We first notice 2 Chronicles is an Old Testament book which deals with God’s original (or Old) covenant people, the Israelites. That should be a big clue as to why the USA doesn’t factor into this passage. It gets clearer as we examine the immediate context. 2 Chron. 7 follows King Solomon’s dedication of the Temple he built on behalf of Israel. Verse 12 says God spoke to Israel’s king in a dream saying Israel should obey the Lord’s covenant with them. If the Israelites do, they will enjoy the blessings of the covenant which includes a fruitfulness of the physical land itself.

Look at how Deuteronomy 28:1-6, 8 details Israel’s obedience to the old covenant and the physical blessings it entailed.

And if you faithfully obey the voice of the Lord your God, being careful to do all his commandments that I command you today, the Lord your God will set you high above all the nations of the earth. And all these blessings shall come upon you and overtake you, if you obey the voice of the Lord your God. Blessed shall you be in the city, and blessed shall you be in the field. Blessed shall be the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your ground and the fruit of your cattle, the increase of your herds and the young of your flock. Blessed shall be your basket and your kneading bowl. Blessed shall you be when you come in, and blessed shall you be when you go out…And he will bless you in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.

Clearly this is an Old Testament passage to an Old Covenant people with a call to be faithful to the Old Covenant promises in order to receive Old Covenant blessings (see a pattern here?). The King of Israel and his people are to keep covenant with Yahweh and in doing so, God will bless them, even the very land of Israel itself.  2 Chron. 7:14 is simply referring to these Old Covenant promises. Now the immediate context of v. 13 makes better sense. God says if Israel disobeys he will “shut up the heavens so that there is no rain, or command the locust to devour the land, or send pestilence among my people.” Blessing and cursing is literally tied to the land itself.

But how come American Christians don’t quote that part of the verse? In the ESV v. 13 is actually the first part of the sentence which v. 14 completes. This only demonstrates how 2 Chron. 7:14 is explictly a command and promise for Israel. They are the “my people” in context. It’s about Hebrews in ancient Israel, not modern-day Christians in America. Old Covenant people receiving Old Covenant promises, not New Covenant people receiving New Covenant promises. For the record, the Gospel of John demonstrates that for New Covenant believers, these promises and blessings are fulfilled in Jesus. Christ is the better Temple, People, sacrifice, high priest, etc. This is where, once again, Bible readers (and quoters) should understand at what stage each biblical book is in the progressive revelation of salvation history. The text at hand is Chronicles not Corinthians.

This also demonstrates that quoting 2 Chronicles 7:14 and applying it to the USA isn’t so much a historical blunder (although many would argue that as well) but a theological one. It’s mixing apples and oranges. It’s confounding two covenants that, while one builds on the other, are still different covenants – with different peoples of God that were/are dealt with in different ways by God. In the New Covenant, the church replaces ethnic Israel as God’s people. Peter refers to Christians essentially as the true Israel calling them “a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession.” (1 Peter 2:9)

Removing 2 Chron. 7:14 from your quotation arsenal won’t really change much in what you hope for the United States. You can still call fellow Americans to repent of their sins. You can continue hoping and praying for a national revival where fellow citizens come to the saving knowledge of Jesus Christ. You don’t have to remove the fact that our national history clearly had Judeo-Christian moorings in its founding. You also can continue to love America and think it’s a special place – one blessed by God. All of those things can still be true without quoting 2 Chron. 7:14. The only difference is you won’t be using the Bible incorrectly.

…and don’t get me started on Phil. 4:13. 😉

Yancey Arrington

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Dr. Yancey C. Arrington is a seventh generation Texan, Acts 29 Network and Houston Church Planting Network fan, and Teaching Pastor at Clear Creek Community Church in the Bay Area of Houston. He is also author of Preaching That Moves People and TAP: Defeating the Sins That Defeat You, and periodically writes for Acts 29 and The Gospel Coalition.

11 responses to Stop Quoting 2 Chronicles 7:14 for the USA

  1. I agree that it’s inappropriate to apply this verse In a blanket way for the USA. However, wouldn’t it be appropriate to apply it to believers? I’ve been preaching through Ephesians, and Paul keeps hammering that we have been adopted as children of God, fellow heirs with Christ, and members of the same household.

    So, then, wouldn’t we qualify as “My people who are called by my name?” I think it’s an abuse to use 2 Chr. 7:14 as a blanket call to repentance for our nation, as you pointed out, there are plenty of other verses to use to do that same thing (I.e., John the Baptist’s redundant call to “Repent for the kingdom of God is at hand). But, would it be appropriate to use the verse in a prayer gathering in order to call believers to repentance?

    Just a question I’ve been mulling over since reading your post. If I’m wrong, so be it. My wife assures me it wouldn’t be the first time. I can still do all things Tim Tebow can through Christ who gives me strength. ?

  2. If you can not see beyond the Physical than you cannot see the spiritual Logic and principal, Nor if you do not have the Holy Spirit of God than you will not be able to Discern what inspiration is needed. if you understand spiritual Principal that you would understand that this scripture reference can and may be used for the hope in Americas national saving grace. I almost feel as though most think we are a “righteous” nation, and i do not agree, i feel maybe we have become a “self-righteous” nation and i believe the Abomination that leads to desolation is tainting our country, and if we do not repent of our national sins as a country who claims to be “under God” than we will parish same as other nations and empires such as Sodom and Gomorrah.. So i advise all to only focus on yourself, and let the Lord advise what the Lord discerns necessary. I could be wrong, but i am confident that my opinion will glorify God being the intent is humble and sincere concern for us all, not to argue words… (as the bible also stated). We need peace love and harmony not further division and strife.. if your intent is to glorify God than great, but we must remember to have faith in God, and not to lean unto our own understandings.
    May peace and love be with you always, Take care

  3. That’s like saying to stop quoting any verse in the Old Testament because it was meant for the Israelites…

  4. Actually Georgina it’s nothing like the case. Unless you follow every OT prescription, you probably don’t even practice what you’re saying. More accurately, it’s like saying stop applying the OT directly to the USA when it was meant for God’s original covenant people. Pretty simple.

  5. The verse is worded in a broad manner and its meaning can certainly be applied to any country. It makes perfect sense that any nation collectively seeking after Yahweh’s heart will be protected by His Spirit.

  6. Sad. Everything you say is wrong. Or maybe since the Bible’s about a bunch of old dead people, times & places, that it’s irrelevant to today. The New Testament explains why the Old Testament is relevant to all people of all time. Jesus said He didn’t come to abolish the law, but to fulfill it & to keep the Commandments. We were all brought into the New Covenant, thru the receiving of the Holy Spirit and all who believe in Christ, can inherit the Kingdom of Heaven…which is “neither here nor there, but within us” & hereafter. Jesus Himself never did or said anything without stating “It is written…” It’s explained in the NT that Paul’s purpose was to bring Gentiles into covenant with the Jews…in Romans 11 it’s also clear that we’re also to bring Christ to the Jews & if we don’t, we may well lose our own Salvation. We are interdependent upon each other. We are never to change “even one tittle” of The Gospels..both New & Old Testaments would be included, as the New Testaments were being written after Christ’s earthly life & death & Jesus was talking about all the prophets and their prophesies, including the Torah, lst 5 books of the Bible, especially…which we modern folks should be happy of, as it assured/s us that there’s not been even a slight variance of what was written & the fact that the Jews spread out worldwide and still honor those commands, is what verifies “The Word” still is as it was thousands of yrs ago. I suppose according to what you’re saying…tho I don’t believe you realize it, is that the Bible is just what the new generations are saying it is, a relic to be relegated to the dustbin of history. But, there’s much wisdom in the saying that “Those who forget history are destined to repeat it” and that it’s so apparent today that history is doing just that, because we have neglected to teach our children well and by apathy and neglect have been instrumental in the moral decay and decline of so-called “modern” society, by ignoring the Bible’s warnings, as old-fashioned & irrelevant, as well as doing the same with our founding documents, which were based of Biblical principles and precepts, regardless of those Liberals who would deny the facts & even want to banish all tradition & the values based upon them. The Bible is to give us the examples of what happens when people stray from the straight & narrow, committing sins that have been committed since the beginning of time, as there’s “Nothing new under the sun” & there won’t be. The same old sins committed by new people, with foolish ideas that “this is now & that was then”. And your fueling the fires of damnation with the ridiculous notion that the OT covenants are null & void is absolute poppycock…& dangerous! The Bible is an intricately woven tapestry, ALL of it pertinent to us now & to future generations…those who remain, to read it.

  7. Is not each and every Beatitude an extension of the spoken word of God to his people as in 2 Chronicles 7:14, as well as the woes of the new testament and curses of 2 Chr 7:15 similar in scope? Both are the spoken word and both are not only tied to the land, but also to God’s Kingdom and the hearts of his people.
    One cannot pray without humility, or seek God without humility and prayer, or repent without humility, prayer and seeking God first. For those beings who are fallen, this is incomprehensible; it cannot be accepted and cannot be understood.
    Mark 4:26-29: He said, “This is how it is with the kingdom of God; it is as if a man were to scatter seed on the land and would sleep and rise night and day and the seed would sprout and grow, he knows not how. Of its own accord the land yields fruit, first the blade, then the ear, then the full grain in the ear. And when the grain is ripe, he wields the sickle at once, for the harvest has come.
    Luke 17:21 and no one will announce, ‘Look, here it is,’ or, ‘There it is.’ For behold, the kingdom of God is among (within) you.”
    Matthew 18:20: For where two or three gather in my name, there am I with them.

  8. Ironic, How to Stop a Church Bully ad just below this article.

    I went online looking for colorful, attention-grabbing memes to share with a Facebook post regarding this verse. Imagine my shock (and curiosity) seeing this blog post in the middle of them all. Hence, this was less a teaching tool than an “I have a new book coming out soon” clickbait.

  9. Lets humble our hearts and repent. Maybe God in his infinite love and grace will heal our hearts and lead us to a higher life where nationality, social status and skin color don’t matter. Lets focus all our energy in growing to all things into Christ until we achieve the stature, measure and fulness of Christ. Until we achieve that we should continue repenting and changing our ways. God bless you all.

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